Spain

Spain is the most widely planted wine producing nation but it is only the third largest producer of wine in the world. This is due, in part, to the very low yields and wide spacing of the old vines planted on the dry, infertile soil found in many Spanish wine regions. The country has an abundance of native grape varieties, with over 600 varieties planted throughout Spain though 80 percent of the country’s wine production is from only 20 grapes—including Tempranillo, Albarino, Garnacha, Palomino, Macabeo, Parellada, Xarel-lo, Carinena and Monastrell.